孩子要想学好英语,首先要掌握基础知识,请果
来源:棋牌教学网 作者:找钱铺 日期:2018-09-10 22:09
 

第一部分:字母语音知识

第一:字母:26个字母的大小写

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

第二:语音:元音的发音

五个元音字母:AEIOU

12个单元音:前元音:[i:] [ɪ] /e/ [æ]

中元音:[ɜ:] [ə]

后元音:[ɑ:] [ɒ] [ɔ:] [u :] [ʊ] [ʌ]

双元音(8个)

Ⅰ.合口双元音(5个)[ai] [ei] [au] [əu] [ɔi]

Ⅱ.集中双元音(3个) [iə][εə][uə]

孩子要想学好英语,首先要掌握基础知识,请果断为孩子收藏(一)

第二部分:语法知识

第一:名词

(一)名词单复数

1.一般情况,名词单数变复数直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives

5.不规则名词复数:man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice

child-children, foot-feet, tooth-teeth, fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese

不可数名词的复数就是原型: paper, juice, water, milk, rice, tea

孩子要想学好英语,首先要掌握基础知识,请果断为孩子收藏(一)

(二)名词的格

(1) 有生命的东西的名词所有格:

a) 单数后加 ’s 如: Lucy’s ruler my father’s shirt

b) 以s 结尾的复数名词后加 ’如: his friends’ bags

c) 不以s 结尾的复数后加 ’s 如:children’s shoes

d) 并列名词中,如果把 ’s加在最后一个名词后,表示共有, 如:Tom and Mike’s car 汤姆和迈克共有的小汽车

e) 要表示所有物不是共有的,应分别在并列名词后加’s 如:Tom’s and Mike’s cars 汤姆和麦克各自的小汽车

(2)表示无生命东西的名词通常用“ of +名词”来表示所有关系:如:a picture of the classroom a map of China

第二冠词

分为定冠词和不定冠词

(一)不定冠词:a / an a unit / an uncle

元音开头的可数名词前用an :

an egg / an apple / an orange / an eraser / an answer / an ID card / an alarm clock / an actor / an actress / an e-mail / an address / an event / an example / an opera / an houran old man / an interesting book / an exciting sport / an action movie / an art lesson /

(二)定冠词:the the egg the plane

孩子要想学好英语,首先要掌握基础知识,请果断为孩子收藏(一)

​(三)用法:

1、定冠词的用法:

(1)特指某(些)人或某(些)物: The ruler is on the desk.

(2)复述上文提到的人或物:He has a sweater. The sweater is new.

(3)谈话双方都知道的人或物:The boys aren’t at school.

(4)在序数词前: John’s birthday is February the second.

(5)用于固定词组中: in the morning / afternoon / evening

2、不用冠词的情况:

(1)专有名词前:China is a big country.

(2)名词前有定语:this , that , my , your , some, any , no 等:

This is my baseball.

(3)复数名词表示一类人和事:Monkeys can’t swim. They are teachers.

(4)在节日,日期,月份,季节前:Today is Christmas Day. It’s Sunday.

(5)一日三餐前:We have breakfast at 6:30.

(6)球类 棋类运动前:They often play football after class. He plays chess at home.

* 但乐器前要用定冠词:I play the guitar very well.

(7)学科名称前:My favorite subject is music.

(8)在称呼或头衔的名词前:This is Mr Li.

(9)固定词组中:at noon at night by bus

未完待续,明天第二期